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Discover Hanoi Flag Tower - a relic of the glorious and heroic history

Posted By : Threeland Travel / Hanoi-Travel Tips

Hanoi flagpole, also known as Hanoi Flag Tower, is one of the symbols of the land of thousand years of civilization. Let's find out, why this work is considered as an important historical monument, attracting the attention of visitors when having Vietnam tours

Built in the 19th century, Hanoi Flag Tower is one of the places that attracts many domestic and foreign tourists when visiting and traveling to Hanoi. Over 200 years of history, this work is still solid and majestic in the heart of the capital with ancient beauty, tinged with time.

Hình ảnh Cột cờ Hà Nội

1. Introduction of Hanoi Flagpole

Hanoi Flagpole or called Hanoi Flag Tower. Along with many other monuments in Hanoi, the Flagpole contains many great historical values. This is also a destination that tourists should visit when they have the opportunity to come to Hanoi.

1.1. Where is the Hanoi flagpole?

  • Address: 28A Dien Bien Phu, Dien Bien Ward, Ba Dinh District

The flagpole is located at 28A Dien Bien Phu, Ba Dinh District, within the grounds of the Vietnam Military History Museum. With a prime location right in the center of Hanoi City, visitors can easily look up the tourist map of Hanoi to find the location of the Flagpole.

The Hanoi flagpole was built on the old land of Tam Mon citadel under the Le Dynasty. This is also the first stop in the tour to discover the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long. At this location, tourists will be guided to follow the "fishing way", through Doan Mon gate and continue to Kinh Thien Palace - the most important place in the Imperial Citadel.

Cột cờ nằm trên đường Điện Biên Phủ

1.2. Hanoi flagpole at Cape Ca Mau

An interesting thing is that the Hanoi Flagpole is not only in Hanoi but also in Ca Mau - the southernmost place of the country - there is also such a construction. It is a gift given to Ca Mau by the Party Committee and People of Hanoi. The Hanoi flagpole at Cape Ca Mau has the meaning as a symbol of the longevity of the country, with a single strip from North to South.

Cột cờ ngay tại Mũi Cà Mau

1.3. What year was the Hanoi flagpole built?

The flagpole was built in 1805 under King Gia Long of the Nguyen Dynasty. The project took 7 years to complete and is used as an observatory both in the inner and outer suburbs. Over 200 years of history, this ancient work has become a symbol of the Capital, witnessing many ups and downs in history.

Cột cờ Hà Nội - chứng tích lịch sử

2. Opening hours and ticket prices to visit Hanoi Flag Tower

  • Opening hours: From 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. daily

Visitors can visit the monument Monday through Sunday during the hours of 8am to 5pm.

Ticket prices when visiting the monument will vary by object, specifically as follows:

  • Adults: 20,000 VND/person
  • People over 60 years old: 10,000 VND/person
  • Students: 10,000 VND/person
  • Students under 15 years old: free
  • People with meritorious services to the revolution: free

A small note is that you should bring your citizen identification or other identification documents as proof so that the ticket agent can apply the right price to you.

3. Historical events Hanoi Flagpole

Over hundreds of years old, the flagpole image has been associated with many important events of Vietnam in general and Hanoi in particular. Some historical events associated with this place can be mentioned as follows:

  • 1805-1812: Flagpole was built
  • 1945: After the success of the August Revolution, for the first time a red flag with a yellow star flew over the top of Ky Dai
  • 1954: After the war of resistance against the French was completely won, the national flag was once again flying
  • The period of resistance against the US: The flagpole was guarded by Hanoi's Air Defense troops
  • 1989: The work was recognized by the State as a National Historical and Cultural Relic

Exactly at 15:00 on October 10, 1954 is the sacred moment of this relic, when the national anthem resounds amidst countless cheers and the national flag flutters. Since then, the image of the national flag on the top of the flagpole has become a symbol of the independence and freedom of the country. That is also the meaning of Hanoi Flagpole.

Hình ảnh Cột cờ ngày trước

4. Structure of Hanoi Flagpole

With its imposing and majestic appearance, many people wonder how many meters high is the Hanoi Flagpole? That answer is 33m, if including the flagpole, it will be 44m.

The flagpole is designed with three floors and a tower, the floors are connected by a 54-step spiral staircase leading to the top. Each base floor of the Flagpole is built in the shape of a truncated square pyramid, with a decreasing area and stacked in order.

The first floor has a height of 3m and each side is 42.5m long. The 2nd floor is 3.7m high and the side dimensions are 27m. Three of the four doors of the 2nd floor are covered with letters, including Huong Minh (South gate), Nghenh Huc (East gate) and Hoi Quang (West gate). The 3rd floor has a height of 5.1m and each side is 12.8m long, with a door to the stairs facing the north.

The body of the flagpole has a height of 5.1m, a length of 18.2m, and the bottom edge is about 2m wide with a cylindrical shape with 8 sides gradually decreasing. The top of the flagpole is shaped like an octagonal floor with a height of 3.3m, each side corresponds to a window. In the middle of the floor is a cylinder with a diameter of 40cm rising to the top to serve as a place to plant the flag.

The national flag hanging on the top of this relic is 24m2 (4x6m) in size and is made of non-glossy fabric. To resist strong winds, the corner of the flag has been bare in the shape of a diamond for added strength.

Kiến trúc độc đáo của Cột cờ Hà Nội

5. Interesting experiences when visiting Hanoi Monument

When visiting the Flag Tower, visitors will have many more interesting experiences.

5.1. Visit the unique architecture

With a unique architecture that has been around for hundreds of years, Hanoi Flag Tower is really a worthwhile sightseeing destination. Visitors can travel by spiral stairs to reach the top of the flagpole and admire the whole landscape here. Seeing the red flag with yellow stars fluttering in the wind, standing out against the blue sky will give you a sense of sacredness and pride in the country and people of Vietnam.

With a symmetrical design, the temperature inside the monument is always cool even if the weather in Hanoi is on hot days. Besides, the up and down doors of the Flagpole are scientifically designed to prevent rainwater from flowing into the tower.

Bên trong Cột cờ

5.2. "Check-in"

The ancient beauty of the Hanoi Flagpole will help you have extremely artistic virtual live photos. This place has a sacred and nostalgic feeling, so you just need a phone and comfortably pose to have great photos. Especially, if you take pictures with Ao Dai, visitors will feel like returning to old Hanoi, immersed in memories and heroic historical events.

5.3. Admire historical artifacts

Because it is located on the grounds of the Vietnam Military History Museum, visitors will easily see the tanks, helicopters and other artifacts of the museum when standing here.

Besides, tourists can see other famous attractions of Hanoi by moving up to the top observatory.

When looking to the North, you will admire the ancient beauty of many relics such as Princess Lau, Doan Mon and Cua Bac. Looking to the East, you will see the Post Office and the peaceful beauty of Hoan Kiem Lake. To the west of the Hanoi Flagpole is the historic Ba Dinh Square along with the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum and President Ho Chi Minh Museum. And if you look to the south, you will see a vast space with many other famous places of Hanoi.

6. Popular attractions near Hanoi Flag Tower

Located in the city center, Flagpole is therefore very close to many other attractions. When visiting here, visitors can combine to explore many famous destinations such as:

Location   Distance
Thang Long Imperial Citadel 350m
 One Pillar Pagoda 1.2km 
 Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum 1.3km 
 Hoa Lo Prison   1.3km
 Hang Dau Booth 1.8km 
 Hanoi Old Quarter 2.5km


Hoàng thành Thăng Long

7. Experience going to Hanoi Flag Tower

When visiting Hanoi Flag Tower, visitors need to prepare themselves a route to move and explore to avoid missing interesting experiences.

Means and ways of transportation
If traveling by motorbike or car and departing from Hoan Kiem Lake, you can choose to go to Trang Thi, go through Cua Nam and turn to Dien Bien Phu street. Next, just go straight to the Dien Bien Phu - Nguyen Tri Phuong junction and you will reach the Hanoi Flag Tower.

If you are not familiar with the road, you can choose to use public transport such as taxi, motorbike taxi or bus. Hanoi has many bus routes running through Dien Bien Phu Street and has stops close to the Flagpole such as line 01, number 18, number 32, number 34 and number 45.

Cột cờ Hà Nội nằm ở vị trí đắc địa trung tâm thành phố

Threeland Travel hopes that the interesting information about Hanoi Flagpole above will help you more confidently explore the symbolic work of the thousand-year-old capital when you have the opportunity to take Vietnam tours